NAHCE UNIVERSITY

Medical Terminology Curriculum

Medical Language for Modern Health Care

AH120.1: Roots and Combining Forms

Learning Outcomes:

AH120.1

  • Relate the logic of the language of medicine to your practice as a Health Care Professional.
  • Define the terms root, combining vowel, and combining form.
  • Recognize that roots and combining forms are the core elements of any medical term.
  • Deconstruct medical terms into roots and combining forms.
  • Interpret the meaning of roots and combining forms in commonly used medical terms.
  • Use roots and combining forms to construct commonly used medical terms.
  • Identify the medical terms taken directly from Greek or Latin words.
  • Differentiate between medical terms that are spelled and/or pronounced similarly.

AH120.2: Suffixes and Prefixes

Learning Outcomes:

AH120.2

  • Define the term suffix.
  • Identify the suffixes of commonly used medical terms and their meanings.
  • Establish a classification of suffixes.
  • Define the term prefix.
  • Identify the prefixes of commonly used medical terms and their meanings.
  • Establish a classification of prefixes.
  • Link word elements of prefixes, suffixes, roots, and combining forms together to construct medical terms.
  • Deconstruct medical terms into their elements.

AH120.3: Word Analysis and Communication

Learning Outcomes:

AH120.3

  • Deconstruct a medical term into its basic elements.
  • Use word elements to identify or construct a medical term.
  • Connect the singular and plural components of medical terms.
  • Employ the phonetic system used to pronounce medical terms.
  • Use Word Analysis and Definition Boxes to describe the phonetic pronunciation, word elements, and definition of terms used in the ebook.
  • Communicate with precision in both written and verbal communication in all health care fields.

AH120.4: The Body as a Whole

Learning Outcomes:

AH120.4

  • Apply correct medical terms to the anatomy and physiology of the body as a whole.
  • Discuss the medical terms associated with the structures and functions of cells, tissues, and organs.
  • Relate individual body systems to the organization and function of the body as a whole.
  • Integrate the medical terms of the different anatomic positions, planes, and directions of the body into everyday medical language.
  • Map the body cavities.
  • Describe the nine regions of the abdomen.
  • Use medical terms pertaining to the body as a whole to communicate and document in writing accurately and precisely in any health care setting.
  • Use medical terms pertaining to the body as a whole to communicate verbally with accuracy and precision in any health care setting.

AH120.5: Digestive System

Learning Outcomes:

AH120.5

  • Describe the alimentary canal and its accessory organs.
  • Discuss the functions of the digestive system.
  • Use the medical terms of gastroenterology to communicate and document in writing accurately and precisely in any health care setting.
  • Use the medical terms of gastroenterology to communicate verbally with accuracy and precision in any health care setting.
  • Match abbreviations to the medical terms.
  • Relate the anatomy of the mouth to the function of mastication.
  • Describe disorders of the mouth.
  • Relate the anatomy of the pharynx and esophagus to the function of swallowing.
  • Describe disorders of the esophagus.
  • Relate the anatomy of the stomach and small intestine to the process of digestion.
  • Discuss disorders of the stomach and small intestine.
  • Describe the pharmacology of treating excess gastric acid.
  • Relate the anatomy of the liver, gallbladder, and pancreas to their functions in digestion.
  • Explain the function of the different liver function tests.
  • Discuss disorders of the liver, gallbladder, and pancreas that affect digestion.
  • Explain the digestion and absorption of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats.
  • Discuss malabsorption syndromes and their diagnoses.
  • Relate the anatomy of the large intestine to its functions.
  • Discuss disorders of the large intestine.
  • Explain the different forms of gastrointestinal bleeding and their diagnosis and treatment.

AH120.6: Urinary System

Learning Outcomes:

AH120.6

  • LO 6.1 Apply the language of urology to the anatomy and the structure of the urinary system.
  • Explain the physiology and functions of the urinary system.
  • Use the medical terms of urology to communicate in writing and document the terms of urology accurately and precisely in any health care setting.
  • Use the medical terms of urology to communicate verbally with accuracy and precision in any health care setting.
  • Define abbreviations that relate to the urinary system.
  • Explain the effects of common urinary disorders on health.
  • Describe the response of common disorders of the urinary system to treatment.
  • Describe diagnostic procedures that pertain to the urinary system.
  • Explain the use of urinalysis as a diagnostic tool.
  • List the abnormal constituents of urine.
  • Differentiate the methods of urine collection.

AH120.7: Male Reproductive System

Learning Outcomes:

AH120.7

  • Apply the language of urology as it relates to the anatomy and physiology of the male reproductive system.
  • Use the medical terms of urology as they relate to the male reproductive system to communicate and document in writing accurately and precisely in any health care setting.
  • Use the medical terms of urology as they relate to the male reproductive system to communicate verbally with accuracy and precision in any health care setting.
  • Describe the anatomy and physiology of the male reproductive organs and the accessory glands.
  • Discuss the disorders of the individual reproductive glands and their treatment.

AH120.8: Female Reproductive System

Learning Outcomes:

AH120.8

  • Use the medical terms of gynecology and obstetrics to communicate and document in writing accurately and precisely in any health care setting.
  • Use the medical terms of gynecology and obstetrics to communicate verbally with accuracy and precision in any health care setting.
  • Describe the anatomy and physiology of the female reproductive system.
  • Describe the effects and treatments of sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Identify the hormones of the female sexual cycle.
  • Discuss disorders of the female reproductive tract.
  • Explain the causes of and the investigation of female infertility.
  • Identify methods of contraception for the female and male.
  • Describe conception, implantation, and development of the embryo and fetus.
  • Discuss the changes that occur in the female reproductive system during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Understand the effects of common disorders of pregnancy and childbirth on the mother and fetus.
  • Describe the structure and functions of the female breast.
  • Discuss disorders of the breast and their treatment.

AH120.9: Nervous System

Learning Outcomes:

AH120.9

  • Recognize the Health Professionals involved in the care of patients with neurologic problems.
  • Apply the language of neurology to the anatomy, structures, and cells of the nervous system.
  • Use the language of neurology to describe the physiology and functions of the nervous system.
  • Write the medical terms of neurology to communicate and document accurately and precisely in any health care setting.
  • Use the medical terms of neurology to communicate verbally with accuracy and precision in any health care setting.
  • Define abbreviations that pertain to the nervous system.
  • Describe the major regions of the brain, cranial nerves, and their functions.
  • Define the structure and functions of the spinal cord, spinal nerves, and the meninges.
  • Explain the effects of common disorders of the brain and cranial nerves on health.
  • Explain the effects of common disorders of the spinal cord, spinal and peripheral nerves, and meninges on health.
  • Recognize diagnostic procedures that pertain to the nervous system.
  • Discuss the pharmacology of the drugs that affect the nervous system.

AH121: Cardiovascular System

Learning Outcomes:

AH121

  • Apply the language of cardiology to the anatomy and structure of the cardiovascular system.
  • Explain the physiology and functions of the cardiovascular system.
  • Describe the blood flow through the heart and the systemic circulations.
  • Identify the phases of the cardiac cycle.
  • Describe the electrical properties of the heart.
  • Use the medical terms of cardiology to communicate and document in writing accurately and precisely in any health care setting.
  • Use the medical terms of cardiology to communicate verbally with accuracy and precision in any health care setting.
  • Define abbreviations that pertain to the cardiovascular system.
  • Explain the effects of common disorders of the heart on health.
  • Describe tests used to detect cardiac disorders.
  • Define the types of treatment procedures and the effects of cardiac drugs that are in clinical use.
  • Match the structure of the different blood vessels in the circulations to their functions.
  • Explain the effects of common circulatory disorders on the body as a whole.

AH121.1 Blood

Learning Outcomes:

AH121.1

  • Use the medical terms of hematology to communicate and document in writing accurately and precisely in any health care setting.
  • Use the medical terms of hematology to communicate verbally with accuracy and precision in any health care setting.
  • Describe the components and functions of blood and the basic laboratory studies that show these.
  • Describe the structure and functions of red blood cells (RBCs).
  • Discuss disorders of RBCs.
  • Describe the types of white blood cells (WBCs) and their functions.
  • Discuss disorders of WBCs.
  • Explain hemostasis.
  • Discuss disorders of coagulation and their pharmacology.
  • Identify the different blood groups and their role in transfusions.

AH121.2: Lymphatic and Immune Systems

Learning Outcomes:

AH121.2

  • Describe the three lines of defense that the body has against foreign organisms, cells and molecules.
  • Explain the anatomy and physiology of the lymphatic system.
  • Use the medical terms of immunology to communicate and document in writing accurately and precisely in any health care setting.
  • Use the medical terms of immunology to communicate verbally with accuracy and precision in any health care setting.
  • Define abbreviations that pertain to the lymphatic and immune systems.
  • Explain the effects of common disorders of the lymphatic system on health.
  • Discuss the specific characteristics that distinguish immunity from the other defense mechanisms of the body.
  • Define the two types of immunity and the specialized cells involved.
  • Explain the effects of common disorders of the immune system on health.

AH121.3: Respiratory System

Learning Outcomes:

AH121.3

  • Apply the language of pulmonology to identify the anatomy and physiology of the upper and lower respiratory tracts.
  • Apply the language of pulmonology to relate the structures of the upper and lower respiratory tracts to their functions.
  • Use the medical terms of pulmonology to communicate and document in writing accurately and precisely in any health care setting.
  • Use the medical terms of pulmonology to communicate verbally with accuracy and precision in any health care setting.
  • Define abbreviations that relate to the respiratory system.
  • Summarize the mechanics of respiration.
  • Discuss the significance of the symptoms and signs of respiratory disorders.
  • Explain the effects of common upper respiratory tract disorders on health.
  • Explain the effects of common lower respiratory tract disorders on health.
  • Identify the value of common diagnostic and therapeutic procedures used in disorders of the respiratory system.
  • List the classes of drugs used to treat pulmonary disorders.

AH121.4: Musculoskeletal System

Learning Outcomes:

AH121.4

  • Apply the language of orthopedics to the anatomy, growth, and structure of the skeletal system.
  • Apply the language of orthopedics to the physiology and functions of the skeletal system.
  • Use the medical terms of orthopedics to communicate and document in writing accurately and precisely in any health care setting.
  • Use the medical terms of orthopedics to communicate verbally with accuracy and precision in any health care setting.
  • Define abbreviations that pertain to the musculoskeletal system.
  • Discuss common diseases of bone.
  • Explain the causes and types of fractures of bone, their healing, and the procedures for repairing fractures.
  • Describe the classes of joints and the movements that they can achieve.
  • Identify the common diseases of joints and the surgical procedures used to treat them.
  • Match the structure of skeletal muscle to its functions.
  • Discuss common disorders of skeletal muscles.
  • Describe the structure and functions of the axial skeleton and its associated joints and muscles.
  • Identify the structures and functions of the bones, joints, and muscles of the shoulder, arm, and hand.
  • Explain common disorders of the shoulder, arm, and hand, and procedures used in their treatment.
  • Discuss the structure and functions of the pelvic girdle, hip, thigh, knee, lower leg, ankle, and foot.
  • Describe common disorders of the pelvic girdle, hip, thigh, knee, lower leg, ankle, and foot and procedures used in their treatment.

AH121.5: Integumentary System

Learning Outcomes:

AH121.5

  • Describe the overall structure, functions, and regions of the skin.
  • Discuss the different layers of the skin and their functions.
  • Differentiate the different sites for injections in the skin and their effect.
  • Describe the common disorders, diseases, and infections of the skin.
  • Use the medical terms of dermatology to communicate and document in writing accurately and precisely in any health care setting.
  • Use the medical terms of dermatology to communicate verbally with accuracy and precision in any health care setting.
  • Define the types of topical agents used in the treatment of skin disorders.
  • Match the accessory skin organs to their functions.
  • Describe disorders of the accessory skin organs.
  • Discuss burns and injuries to the skin.
  • Describe the healing of wounds to the skin.

AH121.6: Special Senses of the Eye and Ear

Learning Outcomes:

AH121.6

  • Use the medical terms of ophthalmology and otology to communicate and document in writing accurately and precisely in any health care setting.
  • Use the medical terms of ophthalmology and otology to communicate verbally with accuracy and precision in any health care setting.
  • Describe the accessory structures of the eye and their common disorders.
  • Identify the common conditions of the eye due to imbalance of the extrinsic muscles of the eye.
  • Discuss the structure and functions of the eyeball and its different components.
  • Map the visual pathway from the lens to the visual cortex of the brain.
  • Describe the disorders of refraction.
  • Describe the cause, appearance, diagnosis, and treatment of common disorders of the eye and its accessory structures.
  • Define the purpose of certain ophthalmic procedures.
  • Describe the anatomy of the external ear and its disorders.
  • Discuss the structure and functions of the middle ear and its disorders.
  • Discuss the structure and functions of the inner ear for hearing and balance and its disorders.
  • Identify the value of hearing test procedures.

AH121.7: Endocrine System

Learning Outcomes:

AH121.7

  • Identify the endocrine glands and the hormones each gland secretes.
  • Locate the anatomical position of each endocrine gland in the body.
  • Describe the functions of the different hormones in the body.
  • Identify the disorders resulting from excessive and deficient production of the different hormones.
  • Use the medical terms of endocrinology to communicate and document in writing accurately and precisely in any health care setting.
  • Use the medical terms of endocrinology to communicate verbally with accuracy and precision in any health care setting.
  • Explain the clinical and laboratory tests used to determine the presence or absence of a specific hormone.
  • Describe agents used in the treatment of endocrine disorders.
  • Discuss the body’s reaction to stress.
  • Identify the different types, symptoms, and signs of diabetes.
  • Describe the criteria used to diagnose diabetes.
  • Discuss the different forms of treatment of diabetes.

AH121.8: Mental Health

Learning Outcomes:

AH121.8

  • Use the medical terms of psychology and psychiatry to communicate and document in writing accurately and precisely in any health care setting.
  • Use the medical terms of psychology and psychiatry to communicate verbally with accuracy and precision in any health care setting.
  • Recognize a uniform system for classifying and describing mental disorders.
  • Describe the major types of anxiety disorders.
  • Discuss psychoses and schizophrenia.
  • Identify personality disorders.
  • Explain the effects of common psychoactive drugs.

AH121.9: Geriatrics

Learning Outcomes:

AH121.9

  • Apply the languages of geriatrics and gerontology to the anatomy, physiology, and psychology of aging in the elderly.
  • Use the languages of geriatrics and gerontology to communicate and document in writing accurately and precisely in any health care setting.
  • Use the languages of geriatrics and gerontology to communicate verbally with accuracy and precision in any health care setting.
  • Compare and contrast geriatrics and gerontology.
  • Describe the most up-to-date profile of older Americans.
  • Discuss the terms aging and senescence.
  • Describe the effects of senescence on the major organ systems.
  • Explain theories of the process of senescence.
  • Discuss the complex effects of aging.
  • Describe specific disorders of aging.
  • Discuss dying and death.
  • Identify answers to some of the important legal issues surrounding dying and death.

AH122: Cancer

Learning Outcomes:

AH122

  • Use the medical terms of oncology so that you communicate and document in writing accurately and precisely in any health care setting.
  • Use the medical terms of oncology to communicate verbally with accuracy and precision in any health care setting.
  • Discuss the different types of cancer.
  • Describe the types of genes and their mutations that are involved in carcinogenesis.
  • Identify environmental pollutants involved as triggers of cancer.
  • Describe different methods of detecting cancer.
  • Discuss different methods of treating cancer.

AH122.1: Radiology and Nuclear Medicine

Learning Outcomes:

AH122.1

  • Use the medical terms of radiology to communicate and document in writing accurately and precisely in any health care setting.
  • Use the medical terms of radiology to communicate verbally with accuracy and precision in any health care setting.
  • Describe the nature and characteristics of x-rays.
  • Identify the positions and views of the patient’s body used in x-ray examinations.
  • Discuss the different techniques for acquiring radiologic diagnostic images.
  • Describe the nature and characteristics of radioactive materials used in medical imaging.
  • Discuss the nuclear imaging procedures used in the diagnosis of disease.
  • Explain the different radiologic techniques used in the treatment of disease.
  • Describe the different nuclear medicine therapies and their effectiveness.

AH122.2: Pharmacology

Learning Outcomes:

AH122.2

  • Use the medical terms of pharmacology to communicate and document in writing accurately and precisely in any health care setting.
  • Use the medical terms of pharmacology to communicate verbally with accuracy and precision in any health care setting.
  • Discuss the differences between the chemical name, generic name, and brand name of a drug.
  • Define the methods used for setting and referencing the standards for the effectiveness and purity of drugs for sale in the United States.
  • Describe controlled substance schedules.
  • Differentiate the different routes of drug administration.
  • Identify abbreviations used to describe drugs, their routes of administration, and their timing.
  • Discuss methods to ensure accuracy and safety in the administration of medications.
  • Describe the different classes of drugs, their generic and brand names, and their methods of action.
  • Identify Health Professionals involved in pharmacology.

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